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Ministry of Health and Quality of Life

Lab Tour

LAB TOUR
Departments

 

CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT

Clinical Biochemistry is the laboratory service in which chemical and biochemical methods are applied to investigate diseases. The results of tests carried out on body fluids help the clinicians in diagnosis and differential diagnosis of diseases, monitoring of treatment, screening of diseases and research into the biochemical basis of disease.
 
Ø  Specialised tests such as hormones, tumour markers, allergy testing, therapeutic drug monitoring and paediatric biochemistry are carried out at the CHL
Ø  An Obesity Research Unit has been set up to investigate on the underlying risk factors associated with Non Communicable Diseases including Diabetes, Cardio Vascular Disorders and Cancer.
 

NATIONAL BLOOD TRANSFUSION SERVICE (NBTS)

NBTS (ISO 9001:2008 certified) is the only institution that supplies blood and blood components to all public and private institutions of Mauritius and Rodrigues Island.
NBTS is responsible for the following:
Ø  Blood Donor motivation and recruitment and Blood collection at fixed and mobile sites
Ø Testing of all blood units for ABO, Rh(D) grouping, antibody screening, and screening for transfusion transmitted infections
Ø Production (including storage and distribution) of blood components (platelets, plasma, cryoprecipitate) through conventional procedures and platelets by apheresis
Ø  Compatibility testing on blood units prior transfusion
Ø Investigations of transfusion reactions, resolve blood group  anomalies and antibody identification/titration
Ø  Donor counseling and referral
Ø  Histocompatibility tests for renal transplant and prospective bone marrow transplant
Ø  Blood grouping and antibody screening for pregnant women
 
 

CLINICAL HAEMATOLOGY DEPARTMENT

This department is concerned with the study of blood and blood forming tissues.  As a service, it helps in the diagnosis of
1.      Blood related diseases such as Anaemias, Thalassaemias, Leukaemias
2.      Coagulation disorders such as Haemophilia etc
3.      Diagnosis of auto immune diseases e.g Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)
 

PARASITOLOGY/MALARIA DEPARTMENT

The department offers a range of  investigations for the diagnosis of parasites (including Malaria and Filaria) in clinical materials by microscopic and immunological methods. The following tests are also carried out in the department:
Ø  Fertility screening tests on seminal fluid
Ø  Pregnancy tests (detection of hCG hormone in urine)
Ø  Rh Factors in rheumatoid diseases in clotted blood.
 
 

HISTOPATHOLOGY DEPARTMENT

Histopathology is the microscopical study of diseased tissue and the function of a histopathology department is to produce accurate diagnostic information from patients’ tissue samples.
 Services provided:
Ø   A comprehensive tissue diagnostic service to the public and private health sector. Surgical specimens received are processed to produce quality microscopic slides which are examined by pathologists to provide clinical diagnosis of cancer and other diseases.
Ø  The department has its own immunohistochemistry (IHC) section and the services are directed mainly towards IHC markers for determining the treatment strategy for breast cancer patients.
  

VIROLOGY STI/AIDS REFERENCE LABORATORY

The Virology Laboratory is a centralised department concerned with the diagnosis of viral infections and transmitted diseases. It is also involved in epidemiological surveys, surveillance studies and monitoring of antiretroviral patients. The department is recognised by WHO as a National Influenza Centre. 
The services provided by the department:
Ø  4th Generation Elisa testing for sexually transmitted diseases including HIV, Hepatitis, and Syphillis
Ø  Confirmatory tests by Western Blot technique for HIV and Hepatitis C.
Ø  Antibody detection for Cytomegalovirus, Rubella and Toxoplasmosis
Ø  CD4 cell count and Viral Load for retroviral patients.
Ø  Participates in the surveillance system by WHO on Rotavirus, Influenza, Measles, Rubella and Polio Virus. 
 

MOLECULAR BIOLOGY DEPARTMENT

The Molecular Biology Department is specialised in performing molecular tests using the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) technology on various types of samples such as blood, throat swabs, cerebrospinal fluid, dried blood spots and sputum with the aim of detecting specific viruses.
Ø  Detection of Arboviruses such as Dengue and Chikungunya, Influenza A and B virus, Measles, Herpes Simplex Virus and Varicella Zoster are performed routinely.
Ø  The Department also provides viral load tests for HIV Positive patients.
Ø  Respiratory infections such as influenza virus, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and Adeno virus are monitored. Additionally, subtyping of influenza virus is performed.
 
The Molecular Biology Department is also recognised as a National Influenza centre and works in close collaboration with Centre for Disease Control (CDC) for the surveillance of influenza.
 

BACTERIOLOGY DEPARTMENT

The Bacteriology section is concerned mainly with diagnosis of infections caused by bacteria, ranging from simple and common ones like ear and urinary tract infections to rare and life-threatening ones like septicaemia and meningitis.
Services provided:
Ø  Isolation and identification of bacteria and their susceptibility or resistance to a range of antibiotics to guide treatment.
Ø  Rapid diagnosis and confirmation of epidemic-prone diseases such as meningococcus infection, typhoid fever and tuberculosis.
Ø  Surveillance of antimicrobial resistance and diseases of public health importance such as meningitis and salmonella gastroenteritis.
Ø  Microbiological testing of food and water samples.
 
 

CYTOLOGY DEPARTMENT

It is the practice of medicine specialising in patient diagnosis and management through the evaluation of cytologic (cellular) manifestation of disease.
 
Ø  Perform FNAC (Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology) for suspicious lump.
Ø  The department forms part of the National Cervical Screening Programme.
 
LIST OF TESTS 
A detailed description of all tests done by HLS is available below: -
 
TRENDS IN WORKLOAD WITH RESPECT TO A SELECT LIST OF TESTS
TESTS
2014
2015
2016
2017
Glucose
703,351
715,040
725,766
771,067
HbA1c
312,442
316,194
319,356
280,336
Cholesterol
388,115
436,766
441,134
473,740
Pap Smears (Cervical Cancer Screening
10,056
6,408
6,536
6,865
HIV/AIDS
81,025
104,319
105,884
98,113
Hepatitis B (Ex Blood
14,711
20,023
20,323
24,231
Donors & Conf test)
Hepatitis C (Ex Blood
13,067
20,963
21,382
23,050
Donors & Conf test)
Malaria
123,667
138,510
141,280
149,140
Food Testing
6,965
6,322
6,448
9,531
Water Testing
6,597
8,734
8,821
6,043
Units of Blood Collected
45,591
46,536
47,001
44,406
TOTAL NO OF TESTS IN HOSPITAL LABORATORIES
9,820,647
10,711,580
10,912,827
14,531,416

 

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