The Demographic/Evaluation Unit is responsible for monitoring and evaluating the national family planning programme. The Unit collects family planning statistics from all government health service points and two Non-Governmental Organizations, namely Action Familiale and Mauritius Family Planning and Welfare Association.
Since its inception in 1967, the Demographic/Evaluation Unit has been instrumental in helping the Government in establishing targets for its population policy. The population policy of the Government is to maintain fertility at replacement level, i.e. the level of fertility at which a population exactly replaces itself from generation to generation. Presently, the fertility level is at sub-replacement level.
However, the national family planning programme has long shifted its focus from achieving demographic targets to improving the reproductive health of the population, which is in line with the Sustainable Development Goal Three (SDG 3) that addresses health.
Several publications are issued by the Demographic/Evaluation Unit, including a yearbook which gives a detailed analysis of the population trends and family planning data and activities for Islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues.
In addition to publishing reports, the Demographic/Evaluation Unit has carried out several surveys (including the contraceptive prevalence survey). The Unit also coordinates with all government departments and organizations involved in population-related issues.
The Chief Demographer, Head of the Demographic/Evaluation Unit, is also the UNFPA focal point in Mauritius, and is currently coordinating the activities of the UNFPA Country Programme Plan of Action 2016-2019. Under this Programme, the UNFPA is funding about US$ 100,000 per year to contribute to national efforts towards mitigating the impact of an ageing population and of climate change; the improvement of sexual and reproductive health of young people and underserved groups; and the prevention of HIV/AIDS for a better quality of life and a more gender equitable society.